Academic Articles


144. Dutton, E. (In Press). Foreword: Antonio Vallejo-Nágera’s Mutant Revolutionaries: Foreshadowing Modern Research on the Nature of and Reasons for the Woke Mind. In Vallejo-Najera, A. Biopsychism of Marxist Fanaticism. Patria Publishing. (Trans. Peter Iversen).

143. Dutton, E. (In Press). Richard Dutton of Stanthorne Hall: Leading Cheshire Non-Conformist, Liberal Politician, Independent Scholar and Possible Indirect Inspiration for Miss Havisham. Cheshire History.

142. Dutton, E. & Kirkegaard, E. (2024). Does Conservative Religiousness Promote Selection for Intelligence? An Analysis of the Vietnam Experience Study. Mankind Quarterly64: 496-509.


141. Dutton, E. (2023). Introduction: A Critique of Sex and Culture, and the Life of J.D. Unwin. In Unwin, J.D. Sex and Culture. Perth: Imperium Press.

140. Bakhiet, S., Ziada, K., Abdelrasheed, N., Dutton, E., Madison, G., Almalki, N., Ihsan, Z., Furnham, A. & Essa, Y. (2023). Sex and national differences in internet addiction in Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Acta Psychologica, 240: 104043.

139. Becker, D., Meisenberg, G., Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S., Alfayez, F. & Essa, Y. (2023). International Differences in the Speed of Cognitive Development: A Systematic Examination of the Existence of the Simber Effect. Acta Psychologica, 204: 104015.

138. Dutton, E. (2023). Obituary: Richard Lynn (1930-2023). Mankind Quarterly64: 208-211.

137. Dutton, E. & Quinn, D. (2023). Is the Ongoing Migration from California to Texas a Migration of Cognitive Capital? Mankind Quarterly, 64: 76-83.

136. Piffer, D., Dutton, E. & Kirkegaard, E. (2023). Intelligence Trends in Ancient Rome: The Rise and Fall of Roman Polygenic Scores. Open Psych.  

135. Dutton, E. & Kirkegaard, E. (2023). Gentle-men Prefer Faces: Intelligence, Life History Strategy, and Sexual Preference for Attractive Faces over Attractive Breasts, Buttocks and Legs. Psychreg

134. Kirkegaard, E. & Dutton, E. (2023). Intelligence and Anti-Natalist Intentions on Dating Sites: An Analysis of the OKCupid Dataset. In Lynn, R. (Ed.). Intelligence, Race and Sex: A Tribute to Helmuth Nyborg at 85. London: Arktos.

133. Van der Linden, D., Dunkel, C. & Dutton, E. (2023). The General Factor of Personality (GFP) is Associated with Higher Salary, Having a Leadership Position, and Working in a Social Job. Acta Psychologica, 234: 103847.

132. Becker, D., Bakhiet, S., Alshahomee, A., Gadour, A., Elmenfi, F,  Essa, Y. & Dutton, E. (2023). Opinions on Intelligence: An Arab Perspective. Intelligence97: 101731.

131. Kirkegaard, E. & Dutton, E. (2023). Will Intelligent Latter-day Saints and Smart Conservatives Inherit the Earth? Differential Selection for Intelligence in the United States Based on Religiosity and Conservatism. Evolutionary Psychological Science9: 26-37.

130. Dutton, E. & Kirkegaard, E. (2023). The Negative Religiousness-IQ Nexus is a Jensen Effect on Individual Level Data: A Refutation of Dutton et al.’s ‘The Myth of the Stupid Believer.’ Journal of Religion and Health, 61: 3253-3275.


129. Bakhiet, S., Dutton, E., Ali, H., Madison, G., Almoghyrah, H., Al-Mutairy, S., Essa, Y., Salehalruwaitea, A. & Aljbr, A. (2022). Decreases in divergent thinking across age groups from 2005 to 2018 amongst school children in Sudan. Acta Psychologica231: 103797. 

128. Dutton, E. & Kirkegaard, E. (2022). Blue Hair and the Blues: Dying Your Hair Unnatural Colours is Associated with Depression. Psychreg: Journal of Psychology6:2.

127. Al-Mahdawi, M., Dutton, E., Osman H., Bakhiet, S., Ali, M., Khair, S. & Madison, G. (2022). Sex Differences in Malevolent Creativity Among Sudanese Students. Personality and Individual Differences, 196: 111724.

126. Becker, D., Meisenberg, G., Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S., Hamad, O. et al. (2022). Factor Structure in Raven’s Progressive Matrices Plus in Sub-Saharan Africa: Benin and Djibouti. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 32: 103-114.

125. Abdelrasheed, N., Dutton, E., te Nijenhuis, J., Albaraami, Y., Bait ali Sulaiman, M., Bakhiet, S. & Ziada, K. (2022). A Negative Relationship Between IQ and Family Size in the Sultanate of Oman. Mankind Quarterly, 62: 508-521.

124. Dutton, E., Nyborg, H. & Kirkegaard, E. (2022). Europeans Have Larger Testes than Sub-Saharan Africans but Lower Testosterone Levels. Mankind Quarterly, 62: 484-497.

123. Dutton, E. (2022). Foreword: Envy Wears the Mask of Love. In Bolton, K. The Tyranny of Human Hights: From Jacobinism to the United Nations. Antelope Hill Publishing.

122. Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (2022). “Blessed are the nations with high levels of schizophrenia”: National level schizophrenia prevalence and its relationship with national levels of religiosity. Journal of Religion and Health, 61: 6-22.


121. Al Maquel, I., Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S., Becker, D. & Ahmed, Z. (2021). Regional and Sex Differences on the Standard Progressive Matrices in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Mankind Quarterly, 62: 288-300.

120. Ziada, K., Van der Linden, D., Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S., Ihsan, Z., Furnham, A. & Essa, Y. (2021). Sex and Culture Differences in Cultural Intelligence: A Study Comparing Saudi Arabians and Egyptians. Sage Open Journal, 11: 3.

119. Dutton, E. (2021). Thomas Cromwell’s Assault on the Palatinate: Cheshire’s Gentry Feuds as a Catalyst for the Unification of England. Cheshire History, 61: 25-40.

118. Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (2021). Gender Dysphoria and Transgender Identity Is Associated with Physiological and Psychological Masculinization: A Theoretical Integration of Findings, Supported by Systematic Reviews. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 18: 788-799.

117. Bakhiet, S., Dutton, E. & Lynn, R. (2021). A Study of Intelligence in Jordan Assessed by the Coloured Progressive Matrices. Mankind Quarterly, 61: 901-904.

116. Dutton, E. & Meisenberg, G. (2021). The religiousness-IQ nexus is not a Jensen Effect: Evidence from the NLSY79. Psychreg4: 4.

115. Abdelrasheed, N., Almashikhi, K., Albaraami, Y.  Dutton, E., Elrahim, N. & Bakhiet, S. (2021). Gender Differences in Intelligence on the Standard Progressive Matrices in the Dhofar Region of Oman. Mankind Quarterly, 61: 1025-1034.

114. Dutton, E., Becker, D. & Shibaev, V. (2021). Why Do Finns, Estonians and Finno-Ugric Peoples in Russia Have Such High Intelligence? Mankind Quarterly, 61: 1000-1024.

113. Dutton, E. & Hilles, J.R. (2021). Early Modern Witches and Demonic Sexual Fantasies: An Evolutionary Perspective. Mankind Quarterly, 61: 936-962.

112. Dutton, E., Madison, G. & Van der Linden, D. (2021). Genius and Premature Birth: Little Evidence that Claims about Historically Eminent Scientists are Accurate. Indian Journal of History of Science, 56: 20-27.

111. Dutton, E. (2021). Obituary: James Robert Flynn. Mankind Quarterly61: 773-779.

110. Al Mereb, M., Dutton, E., Becker, D., Bakhiet, S., Essa, Y. & Meisenberg, G. (2021). Sex Differences in Personality in Saudi Arabia. Mankind Quarterly, 61: 497-517.

109. Dutton, E. (2021). Sawyers, Frank (1902-1972), Churchill’s Wartime Valet. In Cross, D. (Ed.). Cumbrian Lives: Dictionary of Cumbrian BiographyCarlisle: Fell Foot Press.

108. Dutton, E. & Meisenberg, G. (2021). Religiosity is Associated with a More Feminine Intelligence Profile: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth, 1979. Personality and Individual Differences, 173: 110640.

107. te Nijenhuis, J., Dutton, E., Choi, K.-Y., Lee, J.-J., Seo, E.-H., Kim, H. & Lee, K.-H. (2021). Do elderly religious people in South Korea have lower mean IQ than elderly non-religious people? Personality and Individual Differences, 168: 110298.


106. Dutton, E., Madison, G. & Van der Linden, D. (2020). Why do high IQ societies differ in intellectual achievement? The role of schizophrenia and left-handedness in per capita scientific publications and Nobel prizes. Journal of Creative Behavior. 54: 871-883.

105. Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (2020). Spare the Rod and Spoil the Group’s Cultural Fitness? Conditions under which Corporal Punishment Leads to Detrimental and Beneficial Outcomes. Medical Hypotheses, 145: 110334.

104. Dutton, E. (2020). The Family Background and Youth of Devonshire Restoration Playwright, Lyricist and Wit Thomas D’Urfey (1653-1723). The Devon Historian, 90: 17-26.

103. Van der Linden, D., Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (2020). National-Level indicators of androgens are related to the global distribution of number of scientific publications and science Nobel prizes. Journal of Creative Behavior, 54: 134-149.

102. Abdelrasheed, N., Albaraami, Y., Dutton, E., te Nijenhuis, J. & Qatan, M. (2020). Sex Differences in Intelligence on the SPM+ in Dhofar in the Sultanate of Oman. Personality and Individual Differences, 159: 109880.

101. Ziada, K., Becker, D., Bakhiet, S., Dutton, E. & Yossry, A. (2020). Impulsivity among young adults: Differences between and within Western and Arabian populations in the BIS-11. Current Psychology, 39: 464-473.

100. Madison, G. & Dutton, E. (2020). Sex Differences in Crying. In Shackelford, T. & Shackelford-Weekes, V. (Eds). Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. New York: Springer.

99. Madison, G. & Dutton, E. (2020). Types of Crying. In Shackelford, T. & Shackelford-Weekes, V. (Eds). Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. New York: Springer.

98. Dutton, E., te Nijenhuis, J., Madison, G., Van der Linden, D. & Metzen, D. (2020). The Myth of the Stupid Believer: The Negative Religiousness-IQ Nexus is not on General Intelligence (g). Journal of Religion and Health, 59: 1567-1579.


97. Dutton, E. & Dunkel, C. (2019). “For Tomorrow We Die?” Testing the Accuracy of Stereotypes about Atheists and Agnostics. Mankind Quarterly, 60: 64-74.

96. Abdelrasheed, N., Dutton, E., Almashikhi, K., te Nijenhuis, J. & Albaraami, Y. (2019). Regional Differences in Intelligence in the Sultanate of Oman. Personality and Individual Differences, 148: 7-10.

95. Kura, K., te Nijenhuis, J. & Dutton, E. (2019). Spearman’s hypothesis tested comparing 47 regions of Japan using a sample of 14 million children. Psych, 1: 26-34.

94. Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S., Ziada, K., Essa, Y., Ali, H., Alqafari, S. (2019). Regional Differences in Intelligence in Egypt: A Country where Upper is Lower. Journal of Biosocial Science, 51: 273-281.

93. Abdelrasheed, N., Al Mashikhi, K., Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S. & Lynn, R. (2019). Sex Differences in Intelligence on the Advanced Progressive Matrices among 15 to 18 year-old Students in Minya Governorate, Southern Egypt. Mankind Quarterly, 59: 394-405.

92. Albursan, I., Al Qudah, M., Dutton, E., Hassan, E., Bakhiet, S., Alfnan, A., Aljomaa, S. & Hammad, H. (2019). National, Sex and Academic Discipline Difference in Smartphone Addiction: A Study of Students in Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Sudan. Community Mental Health Journal, 55: 825-830.

91. Dutton, E. (2019). J. Philippe Rushton. In Shackelford, T. & Shackelford-Weekes, V. (Eds). The Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. New York: Springer.

90. Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (2019). The Evolution of Punishment. In Shackelford, T. & Shackelford-Weekes, V. (Eds.). The Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. New York: Springer.

89. Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S., Alhossein, A. & Essa, Y. (2019). A Flynn Effect in Kuwait, 1985-1998. Personality and Individual Differences, 130: 355-359.

88. Dutton, E. (2019). Can You Marry a Foreigner Yet Still Be Ethnocentric? A Response to Cofnas’ Criticisms of Kevin MacDonald’s Culture of Critique. Mankind Quarterly59: 335-356.

87. Dutton, E. (2019). Jewish Group Evolutionary Strategy is the Most Plausible Hypothesis: A Response to Nathan Cofnas’ Critical Analysis of Kevin MacDonald’s Theory of Jewish Involvement in Twentieth Century Ideological Movements. Evolutionary Psychological Science, 5: 136-142.


86. Dutton E. (2018). Why are Non-Heterosexual Males Attracted to Religious Celibacy? A Case for the ‘Gay Shaman’ Theory. Mankind Quarterly, 59: 197-215.

85. Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S., Osman, H., Ahmed, A. & Ali, S. (2018). A Partial Negative Flynn Effect Among the South Sudanese: The Effects of Different Curricula. Adab Alneelain Journal, 3: 3.

84. Dutton, E. (2018). Fellatio. In Shackelford, T. & Shackelford-Weekes, V. (Eds.). Encyclopaedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. New York: Springer.

83. Woodley of Menie, M.A., Dutton, E., Figueredo, A.J. & Carl, N., Debes, F., Hertler, S., Irwing, P., Kura, K., Lynn, R., Madison, G., Meisenberg, G., Miller, E., te Nijenhuis, J., Nyborg, H., Rindermann, H. (2018). Communicating intelligence research: Media misrepresentation, the Gould Effect and unexpected forces. Intelligence, 70: 84-87.

82. Woodley of Menie, M.A., Fernandes, H., Kanazawa, S. & Dutton, E. (2018). Sinistrality is associated with (slightly) lower general intelligence: A data synthesis and consideration of secular trend data in handedness. HOMO: Journal of Comparative Human Biology, 69: 118-126.

81. Dutton, E. & Lawton, P. (2018). Gentle Bastards in Sixteenth Century Cheshire: A Case Study of the Dutton Family. Cheshire History, 58: 22-46.

80. Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S., Madison, G., Essa, Y. & Rageh, M. (2018). Sex differences on Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices within Saudi Arabia and Across the Arab World. Personality and Individual Differences, 134: 66-70.

79. Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (2018). Why do middle-class couples of European descent adopt children from Africa and Asia? Some Support for the Differential K Model. Personality and Individual Differences, 130: 156-160.

78. Dutton, E. (2018). Women marry up. In Shackelford, T. & Shackelford-Weekes, V. (Eds.). Encyclopaedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. New York: Springer.

77. Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S., Lynn, R., Essa, Y., Blahmar, T., Becker, D., Osman, H. & Hakami, S. (2018). A Flynn Effect in Khartoum, the Sudanese Capital: 2004-2016. Intelligence, 68: 82-86.

76. Dutton, E., Becker, D., Osman, H., Bakhiet, S., Essa, Y., Ali, H., Alqafari, S., Hamdi, A. & Alfelah, A. (2018). The Raven’s Test Performance of South Sudanese Samples: A Validation of Criticisms of the Utility of Raven’s Among Sub-Saharan Africans. Personality and Individual Differences. 128: 122-126.

75. Bakhiet, S., Dutton, E., Ashaer, K., Essa, Y., Blahmar, T., Hakami, S. & Madison, G. (2018). Understanding the Simber Effect: Why is the age-dependent increase in children’s cognitive ability smaller in Arab countries than in Britain? Personality and Individual Differences, 122: 38-42.

74. Dutton, E., Essa, Y., Bakhiet, S., Ali, H., Alqafari, S., Alfaleh, A. & Becker, D. (2018). Brain Drain in Syria’s Ancient Capital: No Flynn Effect in Damascus, 2004-2013/14. Personality and Individual Differences, 126: 10-13.

73. Dutton, E., Madison, G. & Dunkel, C. (2018). The Mutant Says in His Heart, “There Is No God”: The Rejection of Collective Religiosity Centred Around the Worship of Moral Gods is Associated with High Mutational Load. Evolutionary Psychological Science, 4: 233-244.

72. Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (2018). Execution, Violent Punishment and Selection for Religiousness in Medieval England. Evolutionary Psychological Science, 4: 83-89.


71. Dutton, E. (2017). The male brain, testosterone and sex differences in professional achievement. Mankind Quarterly, 58: 93-100.

70. Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S., Ziada, K., Essa, Y. & Blahmar, T. (2017). A Negative Flynn Effect in Khartoum, the Sudanese Capital. Intelligence, 63: 51-55.

69. Dutton, E. & Van der Linden, D. (2017). Why is Intelligence Negatively Associated with Religiousness? Evolutionary Psychological Science, 3: 392-403.

68. Dutton, E., Bakhiet, S., Essa, Y., Blahmar, T. & Hakami, S. (2017). A Negative Flynn Effect in Kuwait: The same effect as in Europe but with seemingly different causes. Personality and Individual  Differences, 114: 69-72.

67. Dutton, E. (2017). Cultural Determinism. In Callan, H. & Coleman, S. (Eds.). International Encyclopaedia of Anthropology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

66. Ellis, L., Hoskin, T., Dutton, E. & Nyborg, H. (2017). The Future of Secularism: A Biologically-informed Theory  Supplemented with Cross-Cultural Evidence. Evolutionary Psychological Science, 3: 224-242.

65. Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (2017). Why do Finnish men marry Thai women but Finnish women marry British men? Cross-National Marriages in a Modern Industrialized society exhibit sex-dimorphic sexual selection according to primordial selection pressures. Evolutionary Psychological Science, 3: 1-9.


64. Dutton, E. (2016). Obituary: Henry Harpending (1944-2016). Mankind Quarterly, 56: 607-611.

63. Dutton, E., Van der Linden, D. & Lynn, R. (2016). The Negative Flynn Effect: A Systematic Literature Review. Intelligence, 59: 163-169.

62. Madison, G., Dutton, E. & Stern, C. (2016). Intelligence, competitive altruism, and ‘clever silliness’ may underlie bias in academe. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 40.

61. Dutton, E., Madison, G. & Lynn, R. (2016). Demographic, economic, and genetic factors related to national differences in ethnocentric attitudes. Personality and Individual Differences, 101: 137-143.

60. Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (2016). Life History and Race Differences in Puberty Length: A Test of Differential-K Theory. Mankind Quarterly, 56: 546-561.

59. Dutton, E. (2016). Obituary: John Glad (1941-2015). Mankind Quarterly, 56: 483-486.

58. Dunkel, C. & Dutton, E. (2016). Religiosity as a predictor of in-group favoritism within and between religious groups. Personality and Individual Differences, 98: 311-314.

57. Dutton, E., Van der Linden, D., Madison, G., Antfolk, J. & Woodley of Menie, M.A. (2016). The intelligence and personality of Finland’s Swedish-speaking minority. Personality and Individual Differences, 97: 45-49.

56. Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (2016). Even “Bigger Gods” developed amongst the pastoralist followers of Moses and Mohammed: Consistent with uncertainty and disadvantage not prosociality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 39.

55. Dutton, E., Van der Linden, D. & Lynn, R. (2016). Population Differences in Androgen Levels: A Test of the Differential K Theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 90: 289-295.


54. Dutton, E. (2015). Obituary: Tatu Vanhanen (1929-2015). Mankind Quarterly, 56: 226-233.

53. Dutton, E., Kukkola, J. & te Nijenhuis, J. (2015). Stress, Political Instability, and Differences between British and Franco-German Twentieth Century Philosophy. Mankind Quarterly, 56: 172-195. 

52. Dutton, E. (2015). Sir Piers Dutton of Dutton and Hatton, c. 1480-1545: Mayor of Chester, High Sheriff of Cheshire and Knight of the Body of Henry VIII. Cheshire History, 55: 6-32.

51. Kura, K., te Nijenhuis, J. & Dutton, E. (2015). Why do Northeast Asians Win So Few Nobel Prizes? Comprehensive Psychology, 4.

50. Dutton, E. (2015). Ethnic Differences in Achievement in Darts. Mankind Quarterly, 55: 51-69.

49. Dutton, E. & Lynn, R. (2015). Cheating in Sport and Race Differences in Psychopathic Personality. Mankind Quarterly, 55: 325-334.

48. Dutton, E. & Lynn, R. (2015). A Negative Flynn Effect in France, 1999 to 2008-9. Intelligence, 51: 67-70.

47. Dutton, E. (2015).  Towards a Religious Studies that is Less Religious: The ‘Words Against Death’ Model and the Need for a Genuine ‘Science’ of Religion. Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 40: 97-116.

46. Dutton, E. & Lynn, R. (2015). Ethnic Differences in Success in Cricket. Mankind Quarterly53: 226-241.

45. Dutton, E. & Van der Linden, D. (2015). Who are the ‘Clever Sillies’? The intelligence, personality, and motives of clever silly originators and those who follow them. Intelligence, 49: 57-65.

44. Dutton, E. (2015). Fashion. In  Lyden, J. & Mazur, E. (Eds). Companion Volume to Religion and Popular Culture. London: Routledge.


43. Dutton, E. & Kirkegaard, E. (2014). Fluid g in Scandinavia and Finland: Comparing results from PISA Creative Problem Solving and the WAIS IV matrices subtest. Open Differential Psychology. 

42. Dutton, E. & Stretch, R. (2014). Racial Differences in Sexual Dimorphism as an Explanation for Differences in Olympic Track and Field Achievement. Mankind Quarterly, 55: 52-68.

41. Dutton, E. & Lynn, R. (2014). The Canadian IQ calculated from the standardization of the WAIS IV. Open Differential Psychology

40. Dutton, E., te Nijenhuis, J. & Roivainen, E. (2014). Solving the puzzle of why Finns have the highest IQ, but one of the lowest number of Nobel prizes in Europe. Intelligence, 46: 192-202 

39. Dutton, E. (2014). Nyborg’s ‘The Intelligence-Religiosity Nexus’ and the Benefits of Consilience. Open Differential Psychology.

38. Dutton, E. (2014). Cognitive Abilities Among the Sami: A Comment. Intelligence, 46: 188-191.

37. Dutton, E. & Lynn, R. (2014). Regional Differences in Intelligence and their Social and Economic Correlates in Finland. Mankind Quarterly, 54: 3.

36. Dutton, E. & Lynn, R. (2014) Intelligence and Religious and Political Differences Among the US Academic Elite. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion10: 1.


35. Dutton, E. (2013). A problematic proxy? On Meisenberg, Rindermann, Patel and Woodley’s (2012) Analysis of the relationship between religiosity and intelligence within countries. Temas em Psicologia21: 2.

34. Dutton, E. (2013). Finnish Culture and Fragaria: Changes and Continuities. Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society, 38: 33-45.  

33. Dutton, E. (2013). The Savanna-IQ Interaction Hypothesis: A Critical Examination of the Comprehensive Case Presented in Kanazawa’s The Intelligence Paradox. Intelligence, 41: 607-614.

32. Dutton, E. & Lynn, R. (2013). A Negative Flynn Effect in Finland, 1997-2009. Intelligence, 41: 5.

31. Dutton, E. (2013). The Cultural Mediation Hypothesis: A Critical Examination. Intelligence, 41: 321-327.

30. Dutton, E. (2013). The Philosophy of Anthropology. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


29. Dutton, E. (2012). Recent Ethnographic Research and the Modern Finnish Social Class System as an Evolutionary Strategy. Acta Ethnographica Hungarica, 57: 139-156.


28. Dutton, E. (2011). Zombie Categories, Religion and the New False Rationalism. In Moreman, C. & Rushton, C. (Eds). Race, Oppression and the Zombie: Essays on Cross-Cultural Appropriation of the Caribbean Tradition. Jefferson, NC: McFarland Publishers.

27. Dutton, E. (2011). Finnish Funeral Photography: A Field Report. Suomen Antropologi, 36: 42-54

26. Dutton, E. (2011). The Significance of British Columbia to the Origins of Culture Shock. BC Studies: The British Columbian Quarterly171111-129.

25. Dutton, E. (2011). Towards a Scientific Model of Culture Shock and Intercultural Communication. Journal of Intercultural Communication27.

24. Dutton, E. (2011). Royal Anthropological Institute or Royal Academy?: Post-Modern Anthropology as Contemporary Art. Antrocom: Online Journal of Anthropology, 7: 1.

23. Dutton, E. (2011). Culture Shock as an Implicit Religion in the Romantic Tradition. Implicit Religion, 14:1-21.

22. Dutton, E. (2011). The Culture Shock of St Patrick. Estudios Irlandeses: Spanish Journal of Irish Studies, 6. 125–131.


21. Dutton. E. (2010). Towards a Scientific Anthropology. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 16: 893-895.

20. Dutton, E. (2010). Rejoinder to Prof. Gallagher. Religion and Education, 37:3.

19. Dutton, E. (2010). Cultural Uniqueness and Implicit Religion. Implicit Religion, 13: 173-194

18. Dutton, E. (2010). Anthropology Lite: An Education Perspective on the Ideology of Religious Studies. Religion and Education, 37: 129-145.

17. Dutton, E. (2010). Latent Social Class Terms and Consumer Culture in Finland: ‘Porvari, ‘Amis,’ and ‘Pummi.Arctic Anthropology, 48: 94-108.

16. Dutton, E. (2010). Communitas and Contestation in a University Evangelical Group: The Liminal Phase and Levels of Structure. Acta Ethnographica Hungarica, 55: 139-156.

15. Dutton, E. (2010). Here the Status Symbols Clash: Social Status and Status Expression in Finnish Homes. Suomen Antropologi: Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society, 35: 5-22.

14. Dutton, E. (2010). Why does Jesus go to Oxford University? Conversion Experience, Creativity and Intelligence. Journal for Interdisciplinary Research on Religion and Science, 6: 53-77.


13. Dutton, E. (2009). Four Immigrant Churches and a Mosque: An Overview of Immigrant Religious Institutions in Oulu. Web Report 58. Turku: Finnish Institute of Migration.


12. Dutton, E. (2008). Battling to be European: Myth and the Finnish Race Debate. Antrocom: Online Journal of Anthropology, 4: 1.

11. Dutton, E. (2008). Death Metaphors in the Secularisation Debate: Towards Criteria for Successful Social Scientific Analogies. Sociological Research, 6:8.


10. Dutton, E. (2007). A Shared Pre-Christian Past? Contemporary Finnish Baptism in Light of Greenlandic Naming Rituals. Anpere: Internet Journal of the Anthropology of Religion.

9. Dutton, E. (2007). “Bog off Dog Breath! You’re Talking Pants!” Swearing as Witness Evangelism in Student Evangelical Groups. Journal of Religion and Popular CultureXVI.


8. Dutton, E. (2006). University Students, Drunks and the Old Gods: The Finnish ‘Vapunaatto,’ Sacrifice and Liminality. Journal of Finnish Studies, 10: 25-43.

7. Dutton, E. (2006). Eye Glazing and the Anthropology of Religion. Anthropology Matters9:1.

6. Dutton, E. (2006). Political Correctness, Evangelicalism and Student Rebellion at British Universities. Journal for Political, Social and Economic Studies, 31: 459-488.

5. Dutton, E. (2006). Ritual, Taboo and Political Protest. in Mankind Quarterly, 47: 41-59.

4. Dutton, E. (2006). Big Brother, Pilgrimage and the Ndembu of Zambia: Examining the Big Brother Phenomenon through the Anthropology of Religion. Journal of Religion and Popular CultureXII.


3. Dutton, E. (2005). Crop-tops, Hipsters and Liminality: Fashion and Differentiation in Two Evangelical Student Groups. Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, IX.


2. Dutton, E. (2004). Tolerant Evangelism: An Evangelical Student Group in a Tolerant Culture. Dutch Crossing: Journal of Dutch Studies, 28: 67-82.


1. Dutton, E. (2002). Nationalist Socialism? The Position of the Scottish Socialist Party in Contemporary Discourse on Scottish Nationalism. Scotia: Interdisciplinary Journal of Scottish Studies, 24: 18-35. (Published 2004).


16. Dutton, E. (12th January 2023). The Flynn Effect is Not on g: A Reply to Mr Dean. Ideas Sleep Furiously

15. Dutton, E. (2021). Born Again: Transexuality, Gender Dysphoria and Sexual Alienation as Identity. Radix Journal. 

14. Dutton, E. (2020). Trusting the Plan: Qanon is a Religious Revival for the Age of Political Polarization. Radix Journal. 

13. Dutton, E. (2020). The Next Great Awakening. Radix Journal

12. Dutton, E. (2020). Why Did Eastbourne’s ‘Mysterious Headmaster’ Split from His Colleague and Why Was He So Disliked By His Successor? Eastbourne Local Historian, 198.

11. Dutton, E. (2020). Demystifying Churchill’s Tutor: The “Mysterious Headmaster” of St Vincent’s, Eastbourne. Eastbourne Local Historian, 197: 15-21.

10. Dutton, E. & Madison, G. (21st June 2018). Defending Atheist Mutational Load Theory: The Authors’ Reply. Psychology Today

9. Dutton, E. (2013). Sointula and the Seeds of Kalervo Oberg’s Culture Shock Model. Siirtolaisuus/Migration, 40: 8-16.

8. Dutton, E. (2012). The Duttons of Hatton Did Not Die Out: The Case Against the Rev’d Edward Dutton’s Supposition. Annals of Genealogical Research, 8: 1.

7. Dutton, E. (2012). Was Odard, First Lord of Dutton, a Relative of William the Conqueror? Annals of Genealogical Research8: 1.

6. Dutton, E. (2011). Saving a Symbol in Social Anthropology: Why Libertarians Should Care About ‘Culture Shock.’ Scientific Notes No 18. London: Libertarian Alliance.

5. Dutton, E. (2011). From Sudan to Suomi: Sudanese Christians in Northern Finland, Munich: Grin Verlag. (Book-length research report for Finnish Lutheran Church Research Institute).

4. Dutton, E. (2010). Reclaiming Anthropology for Science: A Libertarian Approach. Scientific Notes No. 17. London: Libertarian Alliance.

3. Dutton, E. (2008). A ‘Unique Culture’? Migration, Nostalgia, Alcoholism, Suicide and Religious Revival in Finland. Siirtolaisuus/Migration, 35: 7-14.

2. Dutton. E. (2006). English-Language Newspapers in Finland: The Advantages and Disadvantages for Immigrant Integration. Siirtolaisuus/Migration, 33: 10-13.

1. Dutton, E. (2005). Higher Status Behaviour and Status Ambiguity: A Discussion of Exaggerated Higher Status Identity in Oxford University. Durham Anthropology Journal, 13.


I have written about my research and other issues for numerous publications including Daily Telegraph, The Guardian, Morning Star, Helsingin Sanomat, Times Higher Education, Times Educational Supplement, Church Times, Fortean Times, Contemporary Review, Who Do You Think You Are?, Family Tree, Your Family History, History Today, BBC History,, Chronicles of Higher Education, Helsinki Times, American Renaissance, Dorset Life, University Affairs, Salisbury Review, Right Now!, 65 Degrees North, and many others.